Brain-machine interfaces


Brain-machine interfaces

Bridging the gap between human and machine minds. Post latest research, news and events in the field of BMI. Join us to stay up-to-date on the recent advances in your field. Participate in creative discussions.

Members: 134
Latest Activity: Mar 24

Welcome to the Brain-Machine Interfaces group!

new members Tell us about your research, why are you interested in brain-machine interfaces, share the link to your homepage or LinkedIn profile so we will know our heroes :) Write on the wall

This group is dedicated to a rapidly developing set of technologies - commonly known as brain-machine interfaces (BMI) - with a broad span of nearly-futuristic applications. Currently it allows for:

Future applications include:

... and many others

How do Brain-Machine Interfaces work?

If you're interested in how current BMIs work, visit this page How Brain-computer Interfaces Work. And of course, there are lots of information on history and recent developments in BMI on Wikipedia page.

For more in-depth information, see the following list of scientific papers. I've separated them into categories. "Review papers" are general articles that describe various BMI developed by the time the article was written. Other papers describe specific approaches to BMI.

Review papers

2006 | Lebedev A, Nicolelis MA | Trends in Neurosciences
Brain-machine interfaces: past, present and future

2002 | Wolpaw J, Birbaumer N, McFarland D | Clinical Neurophysiology | recommended
Brain-computer interfaces for communication and control

2002 | Donoghue JP | Nature Neuroscience
Connecting cortex to machines: recent advances in brain interfaces

2000 | Heetderks WJ, McFarland DJ, et al | IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering
Brain-computer interface technology: a review of the first international meeting

P300 spellers

This type of BMI (used in e.g. Intendix system) looks like an on-screen keyboard that allows you to type text by the power of thought.

2008 | U Hoffmann, JM Vesin, T Ebrahimi, et al | Journal of Neuroscience Methods
An efficient P300-based brain-computer interface for disabled subjects

2006 | EW Sellers, E Donchin | Clinical Neurophysiology
A P300-based brain-computer interface: Initial tests by ALS patients

2006 | DJ Krusienski, EW Sellers, et al | Journal of Neural Engineering
A comparison of classification techniques for the P300 speller

1988 | Farwell LA, Donchin E. | Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology
Talking off the top of your head: toward a mental prothesis utilizing event-related brain potentials.
Paper pioneering the P300 approach to BMI

Other approaches

2008 | Velliste M, Perel S, et al | Nature
Cortical control of a prosthetic arm for self-feeding

2006 | Hochberg L, Serruya M, et al | Nature
Neuronal ensemble control of prosthetic devices by a human with tetraplegia

2005 | EC Lalor, SP Kelly, et al | EURASIP Journal on Applied Signal Processing
Steady-state VEP-based brain-computer interface control in an immersive 3D gaming environment

2004 | Wolpaw J, McFarland D | PNAS
Control of a two-dimensional movement signal by a noninvasive brain-computer interface in humans

2003 | X Gao, D Xu, M Cheng, et al | Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, IEEE Transactions on
A BCI-based environmental controller for the motion-disabled

2003 | Carmena JM, Lebedev MA, et al. | PLoS Biology
Learning to Control a Brain–Machine Interface for Reaching and Grasping by Primates

Another good list of research papers on BMI topic can be found here

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Comment Wall


You need to be a member of Brain-machine interfaces to add comments!

Comment by Brendan Allison on April 2, 2011 at 6:48am

Hello all, I have some important news for this board. To my knowledge, this is the first public posting of this information, which I have been authorized to publicly release by the European Commission.


The EC has decided that there will be no funding for BCI research in the remainder of the Seventh Framework Programme, and also none at all in the Eighth Framework! They also informed me that the roadmap that we are developing for the European Commission through our FBNCI project is the *only way* this might change. This could influence funding decisions on the scale of at least the high tens of millions of euros. Funding decisions that impact many BCI related fields (some of which will also get cut) and decisions by other funding entities. Funding decisions that could dramatically affect our beloved research field and many of our careers.


Do not kill the messenger. I am not responsible for this decision and think it would be unwise. I am working against it through our roadmap. Since receiving this news a month ago during our meeting in Brussels, I have been averaging 105 hours a week on the roadmap. My team has also been working heroically. There are hence many portions of the roadmap on our website on the roadmap tab, so we’re now ready to engage people. Comments and endorsements would be nice, but what we really need are contributions. FBNCI is a small and underfunded project. Our contract with the European Commission specifies what the roadmap will address, and it focuses mainly on conventional BCIs as defined in the literature (e.g., Wolpaw et al., 2002 and Pfurtscheller et al., 2010).


This means that the only way our roadmap will adequately address neurotechnologies that are not BCIs is with outside contributions. The EC also instructed me to contact broader groups and try to solicit their help by telling them that this roadmap will be the deciding factor in their funding decisions. If you'd like to contribute, please visit our website and check out what we developed already and email me. Thanks!!



Dr. Brendan Allison

Graz University of Technology

Future BNCI Project Coordinator

Comment by Abdulrahman J Sabbagh on April 2, 2011 at 6:11am


May be BCMI, because the interface ib between the brain and computer and then to Machine (implant)

Comment by Alexandra Elbakyan on April 1, 2011 at 11:00pm
I would like to remind that our group is not about "Brain-Computer Interface" or BCI, only, but about "Brain-Machine Interface" or BMI in general (including BCI as one of its categories), as evident from its name. Now when we know the group name exactly, we can talk about definitions. Surely that deep brain stimulator is not BMI in a strict sense, it is a brain implant. But "Brain-Machine Interfaces and Brain Implants" would be too long for a group title, so the latter is omitted. However, it does not mean we confuse one with the other, as assumed by some of the commenters below.
Comment by Brendan Allison on April 1, 2011 at 8:19pm

Hello, and thanks for referencing our Future BNCI project and website. This site has a lot of useful information about BCIs and we welcome comments and contributions. We are also developing a roadmap that we are told will heavily influence the European Commission's funding decisions over the next several years. Some of it is on our website; again, comments welcome.


I need to pre-empt possible disappointment by emphasizing that our project uses the definition of BCI used within the BCI community, as established through numerous articles (eg Wolpaw et al 2002, Pfurtscheller et al 2010). BCIs are online devices that read from the brain, provide feedback, and rely on voluntary, intentional signals. Many participants here seem to have a much broader definition; for example, deep brain stimulators are unquestionably not BCIs. This does not mean they are uninteresting or should not be researched, of course.

Comment by Alexandra Elbakyan on March 30, 2011 at 7:52am
new book Recent Advances in Brain-Computer Interface Systems
available for free download here
Comment by Amiya Sarkar on February 15, 2011 at 2:33pm
Hi Alexandra, your "mind implants" link was very useful. Thanks.
Comment by Sukuya on February 14, 2011 at 4:03pm
@Robert I have submitted the following link to be uplaoded there. If you know more labs working on BCI's do submit at the site.
Comment by Robert Alan Coleman on February 14, 2011 at 3:42pm
I'm sad to say that Comprehensive list of BCI labs is not so comprehensive.  Especially since it's missing two different labs at UC Irvine that do a lot of BCI research.
Comment by Sukuya on February 13, 2011 at 5:20pm
Comment by Song Pan on January 28, 2011 at 8:57am
My PhD reserach is about On demand Deep Brain Stimulation: Tremor prediction using ANN

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