Brain-machine interfaces


Brain-machine interfaces

Bridging the gap between human and machine minds. Post latest research, news and events in the field of BMI. Join us to stay up-to-date on the recent advances in your field. Participate in creative discussions.

Members: 134
Latest Activity: Mar 24

Welcome to the Brain-Machine Interfaces group!

new members Tell us about your research, why are you interested in brain-machine interfaces, share the link to your homepage or LinkedIn profile so we will know our heroes :) Write on the wall

This group is dedicated to a rapidly developing set of technologies - commonly known as brain-machine interfaces (BMI) - with a broad span of nearly-futuristic applications. Currently it allows for:

Future applications include:

... and many others

How do Brain-Machine Interfaces work?

If you're interested in how current BMIs work, visit this page How Brain-computer Interfaces Work. And of course, there are lots of information on history and recent developments in BMI on Wikipedia page.

For more in-depth information, see the following list of scientific papers. I've separated them into categories. "Review papers" are general articles that describe various BMI developed by the time the article was written. Other papers describe specific approaches to BMI.

Review papers

2006 | Lebedev A, Nicolelis MA | Trends in Neurosciences
Brain-machine interfaces: past, present and future

2002 | Wolpaw J, Birbaumer N, McFarland D | Clinical Neurophysiology | recommended
Brain-computer interfaces for communication and control

2002 | Donoghue JP | Nature Neuroscience
Connecting cortex to machines: recent advances in brain interfaces

2000 | Heetderks WJ, McFarland DJ, et al | IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering
Brain-computer interface technology: a review of the first international meeting

P300 spellers

This type of BMI (used in e.g. Intendix system) looks like an on-screen keyboard that allows you to type text by the power of thought.

2008 | U Hoffmann, JM Vesin, T Ebrahimi, et al | Journal of Neuroscience Methods
An efficient P300-based brain-computer interface for disabled subjects

2006 | EW Sellers, E Donchin | Clinical Neurophysiology
A P300-based brain-computer interface: Initial tests by ALS patients

2006 | DJ Krusienski, EW Sellers, et al | Journal of Neural Engineering
A comparison of classification techniques for the P300 speller

1988 | Farwell LA, Donchin E. | Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology
Talking off the top of your head: toward a mental prothesis utilizing event-related brain potentials.
Paper pioneering the P300 approach to BMI

Other approaches

2008 | Velliste M, Perel S, et al | Nature
Cortical control of a prosthetic arm for self-feeding

2006 | Hochberg L, Serruya M, et al | Nature
Neuronal ensemble control of prosthetic devices by a human with tetraplegia

2005 | EC Lalor, SP Kelly, et al | EURASIP Journal on Applied Signal Processing
Steady-state VEP-based brain-computer interface control in an immersive 3D gaming environment

2004 | Wolpaw J, McFarland D | PNAS
Control of a two-dimensional movement signal by a noninvasive brain-computer interface in humans

2003 | X Gao, D Xu, M Cheng, et al | Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, IEEE Transactions on
A BCI-based environmental controller for the motion-disabled

2003 | Carmena JM, Lebedev MA, et al. | PLoS Biology
Learning to Control a Brain–Machine Interface for Reaching and Grasping by Primates

Another good list of research papers on BMI topic can be found here

Member Forum

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Consciousness: from assessment to rehabilitation

In collaboration with Frontiers in Neuroscience, we are organizing a Research Topic titled "Consciousness: from assessment to rehabilitation”, hosted by Marta Olivetti Belardinelli, Giulio Lancioni, Thomas Huenefeldt, Steven Laureys. As host editor,…Continue

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Comment Wall


You need to be a member of Brain-machine interfaces to add comments!

Comment by Enric G. Torrents on November 2, 2010 at 2:28pm
Hello everybody, I am working at the Scientific and Cultural Affairs Office of the Spanish Embassy in UK -in a project to tighten the bonds between the scientific
communities of both countries-, and also studying of Neuroscience and
Artificial Intelligence at Keele University, Staffordshire. I would like to be in touch with professionals, academics and fellow students, please feel free to add me to your contact networks:

facebook: enric.g.torrents
skype: enric.garcia.torrents

Looking forward to hear from you all!
Comment by Amiya Sarkar on August 19, 2010 at 1:50pm
Thought controlled devices, deep brain stimulation, cognitive enhancement are somethings I would love to explore.
Comment by Yann Renard on July 23, 2010 at 3:15am
Hi all, I'm new to this group.
Just to introduce myself, I am software engineer at INRIA, France, leading the developments of OpenViBE (, a software for Brain Computer Interfaces and Real Time Neurosciences. I have been involved in BCIs for more than 4 years now and have been working on motor imagery, P300 spellers and SSVEP mainly. On my spare time, I also have a blog where I discuss about OpenViBE and BCIs in general (
Comment by Udochi Okeke on July 21, 2010 at 7:54pm
Hi all. I'm a student interested in BCI. I hope to one day get my PhD in Neuroengineering (focusing on BCI) and MD specialty in Neurosurgery. I'm very excited to have found this group. I want to learn everything I can about this field!
Comment by Alexandra Elbakyan on June 15, 2010 at 5:04am
Hello everyone!
Brice, Brendan, Nidhi - welcome to the group!

I just made a presentation at the Humanity+ 2010 summit about scientific approaches to merging human and machine minds, see here:

“Mind implants” or how to expand consciousness using new technologies

your comments and critique are welcome ;)
Comment by brice rebsamen on June 15, 2010 at 3:50am
I created an event on this web site, but I would like to repeat it here: the Decade of the Mind project will hold its annual meeting in Singapore this year, 18-20 Oct 2010. More information and registration here:
Comment by brice rebsamen on June 15, 2010 at 3:48am
Hello everyone!
I am a postdoc at the national university of singapore. I am interested in cognitive state monitoring: mental workload, fatigue, etc.
Comment by Brendan Allison on May 5, 2010 at 1:24am
Hello - I am happy to announce the launch of our Future BNCI website. This site is meant as a central resource for BCI research, as well as work with devices based on peripheral signals. It has many resources helpful for experts and laypeople.
Comment by Nidhi Baweja on May 4, 2010 at 9:29pm
Hi Alexandra!
I'm just a high school student but I became really interested in Brain Computer Interface when I wrote an IT paper about it (thats how i found this site). What really interested me were the ethics involved. In regard to your previous comments on the fusion of human consciousness with artificial intelligence, the only obstacles I see are the digital divide and the possible domination of humanoids.

If we humans, have modifications done in the future, where does that leave humans? will the future dominant species of the planet be how humans are today? Of course, we would be more advanced but how would we define them as compared to today?
As you know right now, Medical oriented BCI's are very expensive and there are already deserving patients in third world countries which need BCI's but they can't afford it due to almost non-existant financial aid. this increases the gap between the have's and the have not's, thus leading to a social or economical divide globally.
Comment by Alexandra Elbakyan on April 26, 2010 at 8:56am
Hello Everyone,

Here the blog post about my BMI project

Consciousness in mixed systems: merging artificial and biological m...

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