Brain-machine interfaces


Brain-machine interfaces

Bridging the gap between human and machine minds. Post latest research, news and events in the field of BMI. Join us to stay up-to-date on the recent advances in your field. Participate in creative discussions.

Members: 134
Latest Activity: Mar 24

Welcome to the Brain-Machine Interfaces group!

new members Tell us about your research, why are you interested in brain-machine interfaces, share the link to your homepage or LinkedIn profile so we will know our heroes :) Write on the wall

This group is dedicated to a rapidly developing set of technologies - commonly known as brain-machine interfaces (BMI) - with a broad span of nearly-futuristic applications. Currently it allows for:

Future applications include:

... and many others

How do Brain-Machine Interfaces work?

If you're interested in how current BMIs work, visit this page How Brain-computer Interfaces Work. And of course, there are lots of information on history and recent developments in BMI on Wikipedia page.

For more in-depth information, see the following list of scientific papers. I've separated them into categories. "Review papers" are general articles that describe various BMI developed by the time the article was written. Other papers describe specific approaches to BMI.

Review papers

2006 | Lebedev A, Nicolelis MA | Trends in Neurosciences
Brain-machine interfaces: past, present and future

2002 | Wolpaw J, Birbaumer N, McFarland D | Clinical Neurophysiology | recommended
Brain-computer interfaces for communication and control

2002 | Donoghue JP | Nature Neuroscience
Connecting cortex to machines: recent advances in brain interfaces

2000 | Heetderks WJ, McFarland DJ, et al | IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering
Brain-computer interface technology: a review of the first international meeting

P300 spellers

This type of BMI (used in e.g. Intendix system) looks like an on-screen keyboard that allows you to type text by the power of thought.

2008 | U Hoffmann, JM Vesin, T Ebrahimi, et al | Journal of Neuroscience Methods
An efficient P300-based brain-computer interface for disabled subjects

2006 | EW Sellers, E Donchin | Clinical Neurophysiology
A P300-based brain-computer interface: Initial tests by ALS patients

2006 | DJ Krusienski, EW Sellers, et al | Journal of Neural Engineering
A comparison of classification techniques for the P300 speller

1988 | Farwell LA, Donchin E. | Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology
Talking off the top of your head: toward a mental prothesis utilizing event-related brain potentials.
Paper pioneering the P300 approach to BMI

Other approaches

2008 | Velliste M, Perel S, et al | Nature
Cortical control of a prosthetic arm for self-feeding

2006 | Hochberg L, Serruya M, et al | Nature
Neuronal ensemble control of prosthetic devices by a human with tetraplegia

2005 | EC Lalor, SP Kelly, et al | EURASIP Journal on Applied Signal Processing
Steady-state VEP-based brain-computer interface control in an immersive 3D gaming environment

2004 | Wolpaw J, McFarland D | PNAS
Control of a two-dimensional movement signal by a noninvasive brain-computer interface in humans

2003 | X Gao, D Xu, M Cheng, et al | Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, IEEE Transactions on
A BCI-based environmental controller for the motion-disabled

2003 | Carmena JM, Lebedev MA, et al. | PLoS Biology
Learning to Control a Brain–Machine Interface for Reaching and Grasping by Primates

Another good list of research papers on BMI topic can be found here

Member Forum

Free webinar - Wireless EEG

g.tec introduces free online webinars about wireless EEG recording with the g.NAUTILUS system. Register now!Find information under…Continue

Tags: ERP, Wireless, BCI, EEG

Started by Armin Schnürer Oct 8, 2013.

Consciousness: from assessment to rehabilitation

In collaboration with Frontiers in Neuroscience, we are organizing a Research Topic titled "Consciousness: from assessment to rehabilitation”, hosted by Marta Olivetti Belardinelli, Giulio Lancioni, Thomas Huenefeldt, Steven Laureys. As host editor,…Continue

Started by Marta Olivetti Belardinelli Jun 13, 2013.

Comment Wall


You need to be a member of Brain-machine interfaces to add comments!

Comment by Fabien Lotte on July 28, 2014 at 5:51am

We are pleased to announced the first workshop dedicated to the free and open-source software OpenViBE for the design and use of real-time Brain-Computer Interfaces and neuroscience systems.
Workshop participation is free. More information there:

Comment by Armin Schnürer on October 1, 2013 at 5:33am


I want to invite you to our BCI Workshop Tour in France:

g.tec BCI workshop tour through France, October 14th - 18th , 2013. REGISTER NOW

Attendance is free of charge, but registration is required because space is limited.
Please contact Alexander Lechner (

Event Page

Comment by Rodrigo Ramele on March 25, 2013 at 4:33pm

Dear Brain Machine/Computer Interfacers:

Does any of you have a formal questionnaire to use as template with the set of common questions that we need to ask to our poor guinea-pigs before we start doing standard BCI experiences (1 minute motor imaginary) ?? 

Thank you all of you !


Comment by Udochi Okeke on March 1, 2013 at 2:25pm

Is anyone else as facinated by "The Muse" as I am?

Comment by Raphaëlle N. Roy on April 13, 2012 at 3:29am

Hello! I am currently working on passive BCIs as a PhD student in France and I am glad to join the NeuroNetwork and your group on BCI!

Comment by Alexandra Elbakyan on November 12, 2011 at 12:30am
Brain-Computer Interface Allows Users to Navigate Virtual Space
Just like the BCI-controlled bicycles and cars that we covered back in August, the Minnesota team used an EEG cap – a net of 64 electrodes on the scalp that measure brain waves — and some complex software to work out, in real time, what maneuver the helicopter pilot is trying to perform. To do this, each test subject had to train the system to his individual brain waves by repeatedly moving a cursor on a screen, by thinking about moving his arms, legs, and tongue. The software was also slightly customized for each subject, to increase accuracy.

Then, when everything is calibrated and ready to go, the test subjects can fly the virtual helicopter in a continuous, real-time manner. By imagining moving both hands, the helicopter goes forward; imagine both hands staying still, and the helicopter stops. To rotate, the subject moves a left or right hand. Gaining altitude is achieved by thinking about moving your tongue — and you use your feet to descend. As you can see in the video below, this approach is surprisingly fast and mind-blowingly accurate.

(via Brain-computer interfaces creep closer to bionic, mecha dream | Ext...)
Comment by Alexandra Elbakyan on May 6, 2011 at 11:21am
Comment by Alexandra Elbakyan on April 23, 2011 at 5:55pm
perhaps, the widespread use of such guns, after a few years of intense natural selection, will evolve people to be more empathetic and careful with each other! #transhumanism
Comment by Alexandra Elbakyan on April 23, 2011 at 5:39pm
Somebody has built a mind-controlled gun, detailed instructions are included. Hmm.. he used NeuroSky headset, I highly doubt this thing can actually capture any brainwaves or anything else apart from forehead muscle activity, but the concept is still interesting. Should the gun fire automatically when I'm angry?

Comment by Alexandra Elbakyan on April 18, 2011 at 5:46am
Puzzlebox Brainstorms - an open source software which allows for BCI (Brain-Computer Interface) control of robotic vehicles, radio controlled helicopters, and electric wheelchairs through commercially available consumer EEG headsets such as the NeuroSky MindWave, NeuroSky MindSet and Emotiv EPOC.


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